Rohypnol Addiction Treatment and Recovery from Abuse
Rohypnol (scientific name: flunitrazepam) is a powerful sedative and central nervous system depressant. Commonly grouped with other club drugs such as Ketamine and GHB (Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid), Rohypnol may be swallowed in pill form, snorted as a powder, or dissolved in liquid and ingested via drinking.
Because of Rohypnol’s powerful sedative qualities, as well as the amnesiac effect that follows Rohypnol use, the drug has often been referred to as a “date rape drug.” The colorless and odorless nature of Rohypnol means that if it is furtively added to a person’s drink, it will likely be ingested without the drinker’s knowledge — thus debilitating the person and robbing him or her of the ability to resist the actions of an attacker.
Rohypnol is also known by a variety of slang terms, including roofies and rope.
Rohypnol is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance in the United States, which means that the U.S. government has determined that it meets the following criteria:
- Low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in Schedule III.
- Currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
- May lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in Schedule III.
When used under the supervision of a qualified healthcare provider, Rohypnol has been determined to be effective in the treatment of severe insomnia.
Though Rohypnol is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance, the U.S. Department of Justice prosecutes the possession, trafficking, and distribution of Rohypnol with penalties equivalent to those associated with Schedule I substances (such as Ecstasy, marijuana, cocaine, and heroin).
The short-term effects of Rohypnol generally began to be felt within 30 minutes of ingesting the drug, and can include the following:
- Confusion and disorientation
- Extreme relaxation
- Vision problems
- Coordination problems and slurred speech
- Dizziness and nausea
- Loss of inhibitions
- Extreme sleepiness
- Loss of consciousness
The effects of Rohypnol abuse usually last between three and eight hours. Afterward, as indicated earlier, an individual who has ingested Rohypnol may not be able to remember what occurred while he or she was under the influence of Rohypnol.
Rohypnol abuse can lead to tolerance (needing increasingly larger doses of Rohypnol to experience the safe effect), as well as to physical and psychological dependence.
Rohypnol overdose can lead to a number of negative outcomes, including respiratory distress (significant breathing problems), coma, and death.
Withdrawal symptoms associated with Rohypnol include seizures, extreme insomnia, psychosis, and anxiety.
Treatment for Rohypnol abuse or addiction depends upon several factors, including the age and gender of the patient, the length and severity of the patient’s drug problems, and the presence of any co-occurring disorders.
Treatment for Rohypnol abuse or addiction may be done on an outpatient, residential, or partial hospitalization basis.
Treatment for Rohypnol abuse or addiction may include the following therapies and techniques:
- Individual therapy
- Group therapy
- Family therapy
- 12-Step education
- Relapse-prevention instruction
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
- Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
- Biofeedback & Neurofeedback
- Medication management
- Anger management
- Recreation therapy