Drug Addiction Glossary of Terms
Alprazolam – a potent benzodiazepine, C17H13CIN4, used in the treatment of certain anxiety states.
Amytal – a brand of amobarbital.
Anticonvulsant – A drug that prevents or relieves convulsions.
Ativan ® – A trademark used for the drug lorazepam.
Barbituric Acid – a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C4H4N2O3, used chiefly in the synthesis of barbiturates.
Benzodiazepines – Any of a group of chemical compounds with a common molecular structure and similar pharmacological effects, used as antianxiety agents, muscle relaxants, sedatives, hypnotics, and sometimes as anticonvulsants.
Chlordiazepoxide – a compound, C16H14ClN3O, used as a tranquilizer.
Clonazepam – a benzodiazepine, C15H10ClN3O3, used in the control of certain epilepsies.
Hypnotic – an agent or drug that produces sleep; sedative.
Insomnia – inability to obtain sufficient sleep, esp. when chronic; difficulty in falling or staying asleep; sleeplessness.
Klonopin ® – a brand of clonazepam.
Librium ® – a brand of chlordiazepoxide.
Sedative – (adj) 1. tending to calm or soothe. 2. allaying irritability or excitement; assuaging pain; lowering functional activity. (noun) 3. a sedative drug or agent.
Seconal ® – a brand of secobarbital.
Tranquilizer – a drug that has a sedative or calming effect without inducing sleep.
Valium ® – a brand of diazepam.
Xanax ® – a brand of alprazolam.