Drug Addiction Glossary of Terms

Alprazolam – a potent benzodiazepine, C17H13CIN4, used in the treatment of certain anxiety states.

Amobarbital – a colorless, crystalline barbiturate, C11H18N2O3, used chiefly as a sedative.

Amytal – a brand of amobarbital.

Anticonvulsant – A drug that prevents or relieves convulsions.

Ativan ® – A trademark used for the drug lorazepam.

Barbiturates – 1. A salt or ester of barbituric acid. 2. Any of a group of barbituric acid derivatives that act as central nervous system depressants and are used as sedatives or hypnotics.

Barbituric Acid – a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C4H4N2O3, used chiefly in the synthesis of barbiturates.

Benzodiazepines – Any of a group of chemical compounds with a common molecular structure and similar pharmacological effects, used as antianxiety agents, muscle relaxants, sedatives, hypnotics, and sometimes as anticonvulsants.

Chlordiazepoxide – a compound, C16H14ClN3O, used as a tranquilizer.

Clonazepam – a benzodiazepine, C15H10ClN3O3, used in the control of certain epilepsies.

Diazepam – a benzodiazepine, C16H13ClN2O, used for alleviation of anxiety and tension, as a hypnotic, a muscle relaxant, and an anticonvulsant, and in alcohol withdrawal.

Hypnotic – an agent or drug that produces sleep; sedative.

Insomnia – inability to obtain sufficient sleep, esp. when chronic; difficulty in falling or staying asleep; sleeplessness.

Klonopin ® – a brand of clonazepam.

Librium ® – a brand of chlordiazepoxide.

Lorazepam – a benzodiazepine drug, C15H10Cl2N2O2, used chiefly in the management of acute anxiety and for insomnia.

Oxazepam – a benzodiazepine, C15H11ClN2O2, used in the management of anxiety, insomnia, and alcohol withdrawal.

Phenobarbital – a white, crystalline powder, C12H12N2O3, used as a sedative, a hypnotic, and as an antispasmodic in epilepsy.

Sedative(adj) 1. tending to calm or soothe. 2. allaying irritability or excitement; assuaging pain; lowering functional activity. (noun) 3. a sedative drug or agent.

Seconal ® – a brand of secobarbital.

Secobarbital – a white, odorless, slightly bitter powder, C12H18N2O3, used as a sedative and hypnotic.

Serax ® – 1. a tranquilizing drug (trade name Serax) used to treat anxiety and insomnia and alcohol withdrawal. 2. a brand of oxazepam.

Tranquilizer – a drug that has a sedative or calming effect without inducing sleep.

Valium ® – a brand of diazepam.

Xanax ® – a brand of alprazolam.