Morphine Drug Facts

 

What is Morphine and how is it used?

Morphine is a narcotic analgesic. Morphine was first isolated from opium in 1805 by a German pharmacist, Wilhelm Sertürner. Sertürner described it as the Principium Somniferum. He named it morphium – after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams. Today morphine is isolated from opium in substantially larger quantities – over 1000 tons per year – although most commercial opium is converted into Codeine by methylation. On the illicit market, opium gum is filtered into morphine base and then synthesized into heroin.

Morphine can be taken orally in tablet form, and can also injected subcutaneously, intramuscularly, or intravenously; the last is the route preferred by those who are dependent on morphine.

What are the side effects of Morphine use?

  • abdominal pain
  • abnormal thinking
  • accidental injury
  • agitation
  • allergic reaction
  • anxiety
  • appetite loss
  • apprehension
  • blurred vision / double vision
  • chills
  • constipation
  • cramps
  • depressed or irritable mood
  • diarrhea
  • dizziness
  • dreams
  • drowsiness
  • dry mouth
  • exaggerated sense of well-being
  • facial flushing
  • fainting / faintness
  • floating feeling
  • hallucinations
  • headache
  • high/low blood pressure
  • hives
  • inability to urinate
  • insomnia
  • involuntary movement of the eyeball
  • itching
  • light – headedness
  • memory loss
  • nausea
  • “pinpoint” pupils
  • rash
  • rigid muscles
  • sedation
  • seizure
  • sweating
  • swelling due to fluid retention
  • tingling or pins and needles
  • tremor
  • uncoordinated muscle movements
  • vomiting
  • weakness

What are the symptoms of a Morphine overdose?

  • cold clammy skin
  • coma
  • flaccid muscles
  • fluid in the lungs
  • lowered blood pressure
  • “pinpoint” or dilated pupils
  • sleepiness
  • slow pulse rate
  • slowed breathing
  • stupor

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