Opiate Addiction and Detox Terms

Buprenorphine
A partial opiate agonist, buprenorphine can either activate or block opoid receptors. Used in conjunction with Naloxone it becomes Suboxone and in conjunction with naltrexone it becomes Subutex. Buprenorphine is a powerful and relatively new tool in the fight against opiate addiction.

Depression
Depression can be a common side-effect of opiate detoxification, and is one of the more treatable withdrawal symptoms.

Detoxification
In the case of opiate addiction, the process of cleansing the body of opiates. Ridding the body of opiates can cause many uncomfortable side-effects, which if left untreated, can cause the user to give up and begin using again. Withdrawal symtoms are the primary reason that detoxification fails.

Naloxone
Naloxone is a drug used to counter the effects of overdosing on opioids such as heroin and morphine. Naloxone is an opioid receptor competitive antagonist, and its fast blocking of those receptors often produces rapid onset of withdrawal symptoms.

Naltrexone
Naltrexone is an opioid receptor antagonist used primarily in the management of alcohol dependence and opioid dependence. Another in the family of opiod receptor competitive antagonists like Nalonxone, this blocking of opioid receptors is the basis behind its action in the management of opioid dependence-it reversibly blocks or attenuates the effects of opioids.

Opiates
A family of drugs that are derived, either naturally or synthetically, from the seeds of the oriental poppy. Opium was has been used for its euphoric and medicinal effects since 3400 b.c., leading to the development of heroin in 1874.

Suboxone
Suboxone is mainly used in opiate detoxification to inhibit the craving for opiates and minimize withdrawl symptoms. The primary active ingredient in Suboxone is buprenorphine. Because buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist, its opioid effects are limited compared with those produced by full opioid agonists, such as oxycodone or heroin. Suboxone also contains naloxone, an opioid antagonist.

Subutex
Like Suboxone , Subutex is mainly used in opiate detoxification to inhibit the craving for opiates and minimize withdrawl symptoms. The primary active ingredient in Subutex is buprenorphine. Because buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist, its opioid effects are limited compared with those produced by full opioid agonists, such as oxycodone or heroin. Subutex also contains naltrexone, an opioid antagonist.

Withdrawl
Withdrawal refers to the characteristic signs and symptoms that appear when a drug that causes a physical dependency is regularly used for a long time and then suddenly discontinued or decreased in dosage.


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