What is Nuerofeedback and Biofeedback?

Biofeedback allows people to improve their health by reading their own body’s signals. Trained professionals use biofeedback machines and a series of sensors to detect internal bodily functions, including:

  • Brain activity (a process called neurofeedback, or EEG biofeedback)
  • Blood pressure
  • Heart rate
  • Skin temperature
  • Perspiration
  • Muscle tension

As the machine reads these bodily functions, it triggers signals or tones (such as a flashing light or beeping sound) that are shared with the patient. Armed with this information, patients are coached to modify their behavior in order to slow down the flashing or beeping. The machine “feeds back” information to the patient, allowing them to relax and control their body’s response.

Biofeedback sessions typically last 30 to 60 minutes and are repeated as often as required by the individual patient’s health issues and goals. With practice, the patient is able to use the techniques they learned through biofeedback to control their responses at home.


Although scientists can’t explain how biofeedback works, many patients report positive outcomes, including:

  • Reduced stress and anxiety
  • Improved self-control
  • Reduced pain and illness

In addition to these benefits, many people prefer biofeedback over other therapies because it is non-invasive, does not require medication and allows the individual to take control of their own health.

Biofeedback is typically used in conjunction with other therapies and can be offered in a variety of settings, including hospitals, dental and physical therapy offices, psychiatric facilities and psychologists’ offices.


Introduced in the 1960s, biofeedback has since been used to treat a wide range of conditions, including:

  • Addiction
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Pain
  • ADHD
  • Sleep disorders
  • Emotional and behavioral disorders, such as conduct disorder and bipolar disorder
  • Migraines
  • High blood pressure
  • Asthma
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Digestive problems, such as constipation and irritable bowel syndrome
  • Autism
  • Brain trauma
  • Epilepsy
  • Stroke/paralysis